涓?瀹堕?㈠+

?ㄧ??????浣?缃?? 棣?椤?/a>» 涓?瀹堕?㈠+» 涓?瀹朵?缁?

杈?涓?蹇?(1912--1957)

杈?涓?蹇?
(1912--1957)

20080603165458465832.jpg????杈?涓?蹇?锛????瑰?瀹跺?????插???涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?????寤鸿??涔?涓?锛?褰?浠d腑?借?硅?惰?璁″??绉?瀛︾??绌舵?烘??????濮?浜猴???寤轰?涓??界?涓?搴ц?规ā璇?楠?姹?锛?浜ら??澶у????圭郴????濮?浜轰?涓?锛?涓轰腑?介???瑰????????瑰?讳?澶ф?逛?涓?浜烘????浠?瀵硅?硅?舵?浣???瀛﹀??缁?????瀛﹀????寰?娣遍??璇c??涓哄???褰?浠d腑?界???硅?惰?璁°??绉?瀛︾??绌跺?????蹭?涓?浣??轰???瓒???璐$????
????杈?涓?蹇?锛??蜂?褰╋?1912骞?1??21?ュ?虹??浜?姹????????″?裤???朵翰杈???妫??╁勾浠绘???′???瀛︽?℃?¢?裤??杈?涓?蹇?绔ュ勾?朵唬???朵翰?绘???″??涓??涔︼?瀹舵????涓轰弗?笺??1926骞村氨璇讳?姹??? ??绔???浜?腑瀛︼?1931骞存?涓?锛???缁╁????绗????姹????????插??淇???浠?杩?涓?ぎ澶у?锛?浠????ㄦ?惧??ュ??轰?锛??冲??ヨ??褰??跺?ㄥ?藉?????涓ョ???界?浜ら??澶у??垫?轰?涓????ㄥ????达?姣?褰?绌轰??绘????娆㈡??璇绘???插??绡???1934骞村ぇ瀛︽?涓??讹?????????锛???涓?浠????芥???虹?????锛?浣夸??????煎???瀛﹁疮涓?タ??
????澶у?姣?涓???杈?涓?蹇?搴???浠讳?娴峰???ㄥ???澹???瑗???宸ョ?甯??兼???崇??裤??1936骞磋????涓??卞?娆剧???灞???垂???便??1936-1938骞翠??卞?芥??浼﹀ぇ瀛?University of Durham)??瀹跺????King?s College锛?锛?1937骞村??绉拌??寮哄???rmstrong College锛??昏????瑰伐绋?锛??风???瀛︿???1938-1940骞村???ㄨ?卞?芥?兼??濞?娌荤??瀹舵捣??瀛﹂?㈡?昏????板伐绋???璇ユ?″??璇剧???锛??ら???拌?绋?澶?锛?澶ч?ㄥ??璇剧????板?????瀛︼???????瀛︽????娴锋??Haig)??娴峰か娲???(Havelock)??姹ゅ???(Thompson)绛????ㄨ??′换??锛?涓轰?????浜???ソ??瀛︿????锛?浠???涔???澶ч?ㄥ??绮惧???惧?ㄦ繁?ョ??瑙f?板?????瀛︾??姒?蹇靛??瑙g?澶ф?归?鹃?涓??€??浜?瀹?璇???锛?杩?涓ゅ勾??瀛︿?涓鸿?涓?蹇??ュ????涓洪???瑰?瀹讹??瑰?????硅?跺??瀛﹀???涓???瀹????虹???浠??㈢簿???硅?舵?浣???瀛︼??????胯?硅?剁?????瀛︺??璇ユ?℃捣?煎??澹???940骞磋?卞?戒???娴峰哺???瑰?浼?????琛ㄧ??璁烘??涓??句袱娆℃???颁?????瀛?骞跺??ㄤ?????绌舵??????浠??ㄨ??℃?惧????杩?琛?"??┖姣??扮???叉?跨??婕???"寮规?ч??搴︿互澶?????绌???"16000?ㄩ??宸℃??扮??璁捐?"绛?璇鹃?????绌躲??
????1940骞村???板??澹?姹?灞辨拨?蜂??ユ??镜?ヨ??涔?????绁??斤?????涓洪??瑗垮???鸿タ??宸ュ??㈡???????涓ゅ勾???间换?烘?绯讳富浠汇??1944骞村???跺????搴??界?浜ら??澶у???????灞?涔???锛??ュ?伴??搴????ㄦ????灞?????浠绘?宸ョ?甯??煎伐绋?璇鹃?裤???瑰?″?????垮?兼????灞??哄?ㄥ?????匡????朵负浜ら??澶у????圭郴涓?浠绘????锛?骞朵唬绠$郴?°??浠?姝ゅ?濮?浜?涓?杈瑰伐浣?锛?涓?杈规??涔︾????娑???1945骞达????ユ??浜????╋?浠??颁?涓?娴凤?浠??ㄦ????灞???浜ら??澶у?涓ゅ?浠昏??锛?骞跺??浠绘????灞??瑰?″?澶??垮?兼?诲伐绋?甯???涓?涔?锛?浠??¤??㈠????????村?ㄩ??搴???绔???涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?锛?琚???涓哄父?$??浜????诲共浜???1948骞???????涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?浼?????涓??介???广??锛?浠讳富缂???涓烘?藉??涓??界???硅?舵?楠???锛?浠?澶у0?惧?硷?涓??藉?椤荤?缁???繁??楠??规?烘????涔???锛?灏辩?寤?涓??介??瑰?浼?"锛?浠荤?涔﹂?裤??
????涓?娴疯В?惧??澶?锛?????灞??炬??????诲?版咕锛?浣?浠??ㄤ腑?卞?颁?????褰卞??涓?锛?????灞??????圭??涓?澶ф?规????璇???宸ョ?甯??冲?涓??诲?版咕?????ヨ??瑰伐绋?甯???涓哄缓璁惧?浠d腑?借?硅?跺伐涓????????骞插??棰?瀵煎??????
????涓???浜烘??卞???芥??绔???锛?浠???????浠讳?娴峰???浜?绠″?跺???浼????澶?淇???????濮???浼?涓讳换濮???锛?浜烘?杞??瑰???告?诲伐绋?甯?锛?涓?娴峰???浜?绠″?跺???浼???涓??板?鸿?硅?跺缓??濮???浼??硅?跺缓??澶?澶??裤??1950骞???涓?ぎ浜烘??垮???宸ヤ??ㄨ?硅?跺伐涓?灞?浜?涓?娴锋??绔?锛?浠???浠昏?璁″?澶??裤???????澶??垮?煎???诲伐绋?甯?锛?骞朵换?规ā璇?楠???绛瑰?澶?涓讳换??1952骞达??硅?跺伐涓?灞??跺?涓??洪????瑰???硅?跺伐涓?绠$??灞?锛?浠?浠昏?硅?惰?璁″?澶??垮?煎??????澶??裤??1955骞达??硅?跺伐涓?绠$??灞?杩?浜??璁捐?澶???娌????璁句骇??涓?瀹ゅ??浜?瀹わ?浠?浠讳骇??浜?瀹?涓??借?硅?跺??娴锋?宸ョ?璁捐??㈠??韬?涓讳换?兼?诲伐绋?甯???1956骞达??规ā璇?楠????圭О???圭?瀛︾??绌舵??(涓??借?硅?剁?瀛︾??绌朵腑蹇???韬?锛?浠??间换???裤??浠???腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?????濮?浜轰?涓?锛?涔????娴峰??浼???????浜??匡?1956骞村?ㄥ??浜???绔?涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?绛瑰?濮???浼?锛?浠?琚???涓哄??富浠诲?????
????1956骞达?浠?濂?娲捐荡?????哄腑娓??规?????璁??骞惰??瀵????????硅?剁?瀛︾??绌跺伐浣?????骞达?琚???涓轰?娴峰?浜烘?浠h〃??1957骞???浠???涓??硅????绉?瀛﹀????版?娉戒?涓诲腑???ヨ???1957骞?0??锛?浣?涓轰??洪?ㄤ唬琛ㄥ?????藉?¢?㈢?缁???璁胯?辩?娴???????瀵??????瀵??卞?界?????瑰伐涓???绉?瀛︽?????涓?骞镐???瀵????存?g????锛??崇?辫?卞?介??佃?????锛?纭????杩?娌???ㄤ??㈡???村??寮ョ??涔???浠??冲?绁??界?????逛?涓?锛??变??????跺??锛?1957骞?2??16?ュ???ㄤ?涓??胯?锛??跺勾浠?45宀???

涓轰腑?借?硅?朵慨????璁捐?宸ヤ?璐$???姣???绮惧??

????1944骞达?杈?涓?蹇???????灞?????璇凤?璐?璐e?ㄥ??硅?舵?????归???????????宸ヤ?锛?涓?浠诲??锛??崇?寤哄???归???硅?朵慨???????靛?帮?瑙???????灞?6澶ф?杞???澶т慨宸ョ?锛????扮??跺苟寤虹??硅?舵?????剧焊?????????妗f????圭?璇?涔︺??
6澶ф?杞?姹?椤???"姹?瀹?"??"姹?????"姹?姹?"??"姹???"??"姹?寤??????ユ??浜??跺???╅┒?ュ?姹??????ㄤ腑?借????蹭?杩????炬??杩?涓??????ㄥぇ?归┒杩?瀹???浠ヤ?????"姹???"??"姹?寤?涓よ疆???ユ??镜?ュ????杞扮?革?"姹???"?ㄨ?圭??姣?锛?"姹?寤?琚??告?锛???琚???璧枫??褰??剁?辨????灞??垮????6澶ф?杞???淇???宸ヤ?锛?????搴??芥??垮?????澶у伐绋?涔?涓?锛?杩?6澶ф?杞??璐??????╀??圭??澶????ユ?跺伐浣?锛?蹇?椤诲??945骞存??按瀛h????淇??涓?椹讹?宸ヤ?寮?甯哥揣寮????ㄩ?ㄥ伐绋??辫?涓?蹇?涓绘????姣?????浠??遍??搴?璧惰荡杩?????瀹舵脖宸ュ?猴??ㄨ?逛???浣????????涓????瑰???稿???????娲姐??1945骞??????????╋?浠???绱т?淇??逛换?°??10??涓????6澶ф?杞???缁?慨绔d?椹讹?浠?涔?????涓???姹?杞?姹?寤??峰??浜ら??澶у????圭郴甯????存?典?娴枫??6澶ф?杞??????朵慨澶?锛?涓烘???????╁???涓?褰?浣??轰?璐$????
????1945骞村??锛?????灞??ョ?浜?涓?澶ф?圭??藉?╀??硅?讹?绾?0涓????绉?绫荤???锛???澶х??????ㄧ骇???辫疆????姝わ?????灞??????逛换?″?灏?锛?淇??逛换?$?蹇???灞???????璐?璐d慨?圭??宸ョ?濮???浼??ゆ?锛??ㄩ?ㄤ慨?逛换?′氦?卞??跺凡??浠绘????灞??瑰?″?澶??垮?兼?诲伐绋?甯???杈?涓?蹇?璐?璐c??杈?涓?蹇?????淇???6澶ф?杞???缁?楠?锛?寤虹?浜?涓?濂?淇??瑰?跺害锛?淇??瑰伐浣?杩???璧颁?浜?姝h建??
????1949骞???涓?娴疯В?惧??锛??ㄤ???浠讳慨??????濮???浼?涓讳换濮??????达??辨??????淇??榛?娴︽?娌???7??锛??朵腑??40??绔??虫???ヨ???锛?浠ヨВ褰??堕??瑕??╄?杩?杈???????涔??ャ??浠??ㄥ氨浠昏?硅?朵慨??澶?澶??跨??涓?骞存?堕?村??锛?缁?缁?48瀹惰?瑰????65瀹舵?哄?ㄥ??寤洪????娌虫????2??锛?璁?4000椹???锛?杩????哄??瑰???ㄩ┏?ㄥ??锛??卞缓??浜?190???硅?讹?璁?8000浣??????????浠ユ?ラ???规?拌?褰???
????1950骞磋?硅?跺伐涓?灞???绔??讹?灞???璁捐?浜哄??????18??锛?涓?骞村??澧?????0??????953骞磋?涓?蹇?缁?寤鸿?硅?朵骇??璁捐?澶??跺凡??100??锛?1954骞村???60澶?????浠ュ?浠??ㄦ????灞??句互寮?灞????硅?惰?璁″伐浣?锛???浠?涓?璁洪???广?????猴?浜烘??榻?澶????????浠昏?硅?朵骇??璁捐?澶?澶??跨?村?伴??涓???5骞翠腑锛??硅?惰?璁″伐浣???寰?杈?澶ц?灞????变?棰?瀵艰?璁°??寤洪????"姘?涓诲????娌挎捣灏?娓??璐ц?癸?杞藉?500浣?锛?杞借揣500????归??0绫筹???姘?锛?27绫筹???姘撮??2600??????ㄧ???ョ???锛??╃?ㄧ?辨?ц?逛???涓??ョ??寰?澶?寮??告苯?轰?涓绘?恒??杩?????剁?涓??????借???璁捐?寤洪????杈?澶ф捣?广??璇ヨ?瑰缓????锛?浠??h?蜂??洪?ㄤ骇??璁捐??圭?濂?濂??躲????杩?璇ュ???硅?剁??璁捐?寤洪??锛??荤?间?涓?澶ф?硅?璁″??寤洪??浜哄??锛????浜?涓??藉缓??娴锋?杩?杈??硅?剁??甯峰???涔?????璁捐?寤洪??浜????瀹?涓?娌?(瀹?娉??瀹?娴蜂?娌?瀹堕????????甯??璐ц?广???变?棰?瀵艰?璁$??杩???5000?ㄧ骇??娌挎捣瀹㈣揣?广??璐ц?瑰??娌硅?逛互??宸?姹?瀹㈣揣?广????娉ヨ?广????缃?娓??广??娌挎捣???圭????ㄨ?涓??虹?涓?锛?杩?涓?姝ョ?????????璁″缓??涓??ㄨ疆锛?浠???涓?绾ф?哄?虫??浜??ュ??锛?涓?涔??峰?涓??洪?ㄧ???瑰??锛?????翠?骞哥??????

涓??介???圭?瀛︾??绌朵?涓???寮?????

????1940骞达?杈?涓?蹇?婊℃????灞?绁??介???圭?瀛︾??绌朵?涓???杩????挎?????颁?????悍椋???绁??姐?????????╋?浠??肩??褰??跺?藉?????圭?瀛︽????按骞宠?藉??锛??硅?惰?璁′富瑕?渚????楠?锛?缂哄?璇?楠???绌舵??娈碉?寰??炬??楂?姘村钩??1947骞翠??ㄦ勃涓????圭????杈??跺?ㄩΕ???ㄤ????¤?锛??ㄥ???ユ??储??渚电?ユ??浜?璧?娆句腑锛?瑕?姹???涓?濂??规ā璇?楠?姹?璁惧??ヤ腑?藉?瑁?锛?浠ュ?瀹????借?硅?剁?瀛︾??绌剁???虹???浣???浜??芥??垮?瀵硅?涓??¤?缃??ョ??伙?浣夸?绉?瀛︽???界??骞绘?冲????娉″奖??
????1950骞达??硅?跺伐涓?灞???绔?锛?杈?涓?蹇?绔??冲?¤?绛瑰缓?规ā璇?楠?姹????ㄤ?绾х??????涓?锛????ㄥ?????绔??规ā璇?楠???绛瑰?澶?锛??变?浠讳富浠汇???ㄨ?楠?姹???绛瑰缓?舵?锛?浠???????淇$????歌?规ā璇?楠?姹????g?规???辨??(Nordstram)???????峰?拌?规ā璇?楠?姹?????路??缇?浼?Van Lammeren)??澹??浠?浠?浠??i???峰?浜?涓?浜?璧????????惰???淇$??ㄧ??藉?涔????瑰伐绋?????瀛︽?规????锛?甯???浠?娉ㄦ??璇?楠?姹??????宠???锛?骞惰?浠?浠??????藉????绛瑰缓宸ヤ???褰??舵??浜?浜哄?磋?涓猴?绛瑰缓?规ā璇?楠?姹?缂轰??′欢锛?涓烘?惰??┿??浣?缁?浠?涓????煎??锛?涓?绾х?浜??瑰???ㄤ?娴峰??寤轰?搴у????规ā璇?楠?姹?锛??跺昂瀵镐负70?25?2锛?5绫筹?缁?????寮?涓哄??杞ㄦ????寮?锛?1954骞村缓????浜с?????舵?寮???绔??规ā璇?楠???锛?寮?濮??ュ???规ā璇?楠?浠诲?°??
????1956骞磋?规ā璇?楠???寮?濮??圭О???圭?瀛︾??绌舵??锛?杩????变?涓???????璧锋?ョ??涓??界?涓????硅?剁?瀛︾??绌舵?烘????褰??讹?璇ユ??宸插??灞???90浜猴?????璁剧疆?硅?舵?浣???缁??????规?恒??瀵艰????娑?纾???浠?〃????绌剁?锛?骞跺?濮?绌烘场姘寸???璁捐???寤洪??????勾涓??浠??ㄨ??????瀵????锋?澶???绌堕?㈡?讹?瀵硅??㈠??涓昏?璇?楠?瀹や?浜?璇︾???浜?瑙o?骞跺甫??璁稿???浠峰?肩???句功璧?????浠??ㄣ??
????浠?????????瀵????藉??锛??ㄥ?????宠?硅?堕?ㄩ?ㄦ??浣?????璁洪???圭?瀛︺???ュ??涓??缁????藉??澶????硅?剁?瀛︾??绌舵????锛??荤???璇?杩颁?褰??跺?ㄨ?硅?舵?浣???瀛﹀??瀛︾????逛?寮哄害涓????ㄥ??归?㈢??涓???姘村钩??涓昏???绌跺?ㄥ??锛????轰????藉?ㄨ???杩?????搴?璇ヨ?琛??????圭?瀛︾??绌跺伐浣????ュ??绔?瓒冲???锛????兼???ワ??充?涓?澶卞?舵??瀵兼??涔????ュ??涓??锛?"???戒?1950骞村?濮?????绛瑰?璁剧??规ā璇?楠?姹?锛?1954骞村?濮?姝e?杩?琛????抽?诲??璇?楠?锛???957骞达?宸叉?硅?浜?7绉??瑰??锛?涓ょ????挎??癸?浜?绉???捣?广????楂???????澶ц揪11锛?1锛?锛???浣?杈?锛?4锛?锛?骞冲??涓?锛?93锛?锛?浠????硅?绾垮????????涓??ョ??????璐圭?ㄨ揪11涓???锛?宸插???佃?姘存???寤鸿?璐圭?ㄣ??杩?涓?按姹????ㄩ?ㄥ伐绋?锛?????????靛??у?躲??娴???浠??ㄧ??芥?????借???璁捐???璇??舵????????浠ュ??????缁?缓??浜?绌烘场璇?楠?姘寸????插ぉ璇?楠?姘存???椋?娲?绛???"
褰??讹?涓??借?界?舵??浜?绗??涓??硅?剁?瀛︾??绌舵??锛?浣?杩?杩?涓?澶?锛?浠??????硅?跺?棰?瀵煎缓璁????村缓?村ぇ?????硅?剁?????锛?骞朵????充汉????澶????癸???????瀹??ㄦ???″缓绔?澶у???规ā璇?楠??哄?帮?浠ュ?垮??裤??????涓?涔?锛?浠?韬??????伙????界???板???婚??杩╃?????′腑?借?硅?剁?瀛︾??绌朵腑蹇???寤烘??????灞?锛?瀹?涓轰?澶ч???ㄣ??
????浠?姣??????遍???圭?瀛︾??绌跺伐浣?锛?瀵逛?涓??茶??涓???锛??х??杩芥?锛??虹???瀹?锛??ゅ?濂藉?锛?浣夸??ㄨ?硅?舵?浣???瀛︼??逛??诲?????逛???????寮哄害?????ㄧ??归?㈢??瀛﹁???涓烘繁婀???9骞翠腑锛??????ㄣ??涓??介???广??涓???琛ㄦ???宠?硅?舵?浣??ц?姐??缁????????瑰????绛??归?㈢??瀛︽?????18绡?锛?瀵瑰??剁???硅?剁?????璁捐?????瀛﹀??????瀵兼??涔???
?????ㄤ腑??浜烘??卞???芥??绔?????寰?灏?寮?灞??介??瀛︽??氦娴??????典?锛?1954骞村?藉??惧???????ヨ??????璇疯?涓?蹇??????????ㄧ???稿?????"?介???硅?舵?浣??ㄥ??瀛︿?璁????ㄦ??澶у?╁?????"?介????捣?????逛?璁?锛????惰?峰?扮?????介?????硅?灞?????蹇??荤?杈???路??缇?浼﹀??澹????ヨ??涔︼???璇蜂?涓轰腑?界???圭害缂?杈???杩??????介???瑰???绗??娆″???板?介??瀛︽???璁?????璇凤??界?剁?变?绉?绉?????涓??藉??寰?锛?浣?杩?璇存??锛?浠???瀛︽????灏卞凡涓哄?介?????瑰????????╃????

???辨??瀛︼??瑰?讳?澶ф?归???逛?涓?浜烘??

????杈?涓?蹇???940骞村???戒互?ワ?宸ヤ?绻?蹇?锛?浣?浠???腑?????瀛﹀伐浣???????ㄨタ??宸ュ??????绗??璇捐捣锛??舵??瀛﹀?冲???板???浠????︿僵??褰??惰?澶?瀛︾???界?遍??淇????璇撅??瑰???????"??瀛?璇惧挨涓虹簿褰┿??1942骞存??浠绘?烘?绯讳富浠诲??锛??$郴???跺???甯?寮?涓?浜???璇撅??ㄧ?变?缁??????ㄨタ??宸ュ???换?????达?????璁叉??"搴??ㄥ??瀛???"??????瀛???"寮规?у??瀛???"?烘???瀛???"?烘??ㄥ??瀛???"?烘????ㄥ?"??"?靛伐瀛???"???瑰?"??"???ㄥ????"??"???ㄥ??璁捐?"绛????ㄨ?绋???杈?涓?蹇?璁茶?锛?????????杩般????????ㄥ???婕?绠?绛?绛?锛???涓??$??娓??般??绾茬??????锛??充娇璁茶堪涓?浜?寰??剧??璇剧?锛?涔??芥繁?ユ??猴?绠?娲???????浠????h堪锛?瑕?姹?瀛︾??涓?蹇?????跺??????璇剧?绮惧?????ㄩ??夸?锛?瀛?涓?澶?锛?浣???涓虹?婚??圭??涔??ワ?绗?璁颁?寰?濂藉??锛?涓?璇惧???拌薄娣卞?伙????瀛︾??涓?蹇????璁板ソ绗?璁帮?涓?瀛︽??涓??ワ??虫???????椤鸿??瀹??寸??璁蹭?绗?褰????ㄦ??璇炬?朵??昏?璇︾?浜や唬??瀛︾?????灞?杩?绋???瓒???锛?????????????锛?浣垮????㈠???烽??????姒?蹇碉?????娣卞?ユ??涓?棰?????寰???惊???惰?璇捐?烘????????蹇???????ㄦ???ユ??浜??舵????瑗垮??锛?浜ら?????锛???浜哄???锛?娌℃??涔︽????瀹?楠?璁惧???杩??风??璁叉??瀵瑰??????瑰?诲?涓洪?捐?藉??吹???充?锛?浠???涓?浜?瀛︾??杩?娣辨???????拌?锟?缈诲?浠ュ??杈?????璁叉????绗?璁帮??朵腑璁稿???瀹硅?充?浠??跺?????褰??惰タ??宸ュ??㈡?????????瑰?涔??????宸???涓???澶у?锛???娲绘??︺??浠?缁?骞翠?棰???琛??涓???甯???锛??ㄤ???娌圭???涓?锛??ㄨ??繁?ㄥ?剧焊瑁?璁㈢?????涓?锛??ㄤ???姣?绗?锛???涓?浜???浣?????????涓?瀛?????瀛︺?????广???靛伐绛?澶?????璇捐?涔?(褰??舵??璇剧?ㄥ?璇?锛?瀛?杩圭?绗?绔????浠?浼???????涓???瑙f??锛?瀵瑰?????瀛︿?????寰蜂慨?诲奖??娈?娣憋?浜???绌鸿?璇存?????ㄨタ??宸ュ??㈠??骞达????????ヤ?浠?????瀛︽????锛?涔??瑰?讳?绗???瑰伐绋?????汉????
????1944骞达?杈?涓?蹇?璧撮??搴?????灞?宸ヤ?锛?浣?浠?浠??????讳氦??澶у??ф????褰??讹?浜ら??澶у??ㄤ?榫??★?绂讳???????灞????????涓???浣???锛??????ヤ?澶╀?璇撅?????涓?涓?????涓?璇撅?涓??????板?????锛????朵?杩????℃?瑰???浠g?浜ら??澶у????圭郴??绯诲?★?宸ヤ???濂?????绱у???浠??ㄦ????灞???浜ら??澶у?涓ゅ?宸ヤ?涓??村?颁腑??浜烘??卞???芥??绔???涔???锛?浠??ㄨ?硅?跺伐涓?绠$??灞?宸ヤ??村?锛??????浠??讳氦??澶у???璇俱??娓??ㄤ??逛?璧跺?颁氦??澶у?涓?璇撅?璇惧???ュ????璧跺???硅?跺伐涓?绠$??灞?涓?????涓轰?淇?????瀛︾??杩?璐??у????寮哄???????锛?涓?涓???骇寰?寰??变?骞寸骇涓??寸?变?甯︾???虫?涓???????娆′??宠??????浜?锛?灏辨??涓?璇惧?扮?规?瑰?ㄨ??繁瀹堕??锛?搴?涓???妞?瀛?涓????冲?颁??ㄥ??婊′?瀛︾????浠?璁茶?浠?瀹逛?杩??涓?涓???????板?????瀛﹂???锛?缁?浠?瀵ュ??拌?灏变?浣夸?璞??跺?????渚?濡???涓?娆′??????哄樊锛?璇蜂汉浠h??????浠h???瀹ゅ????????榛??块?藉??婊′?瀛?锛?????????ㄥ?锛??????烘????????杩帮?浣???瀛︿滑??蹇????ュ?磋????︽?﹁?ц?с?????ヤ???娌??????板??涓?锛?璇翠?濂????浠????ㄤ?涓ゅ??榛??匡?涓???璇句??ワ?瀛︾??浠?『??浠?????璺??寰????跺?板氨??涓?涓???剧?????????浜????ㄦ??瀛﹁?绋?涓??浠?瀵瑰??????烘????璁??????涓ユ?硷???氦??澶у???????涓ュ???姣??ㄨ?绋??介??浠ュぇ??涔?棰?锛?渚夸?瀛︾??宸╁?烘??瀛﹀?扮???ヨ?骞跺?涓?浜?楂??惧害???????浣?杩?涓?姝ユ??????浠?????璇?棰????寰????涓??棰?锛?璇剧?绮惧??锛????ㄥ?朵腑锛?涓??鸿??璇?涓??ュ???借?涓?姝ュ珐?哄???浠???瀛︺??涓烘??楂???瀛﹁川??锛?浠?瀵规?板?涓??涓?涓???????瀹??????????颁?澶???浠??ㄤ氦??澶у?浠绘????涓?骞达?????璁叉???逛??诲?????逛?寮哄害???逛?????瀛︺???逛???????瀛︺???硅?舵???ㄣ????????瀹??ㄩ???瑰????硅?舵?浣???瀛︿互????璁哄??瀛︾?璇剧???浠???瀛︾???????ㄥ?介???瑰??????ㄩ?????????????婊″ぉ涓???
????杈?涓?蹇?涓???杩芥??扮???ヨ?锛?骞跺???杩?绉?瀛︽???????规????????с??浠?缂??????????绘?????跺????褰??跺?介??涓??????版按骞冲????绌跺?ㄥ????褰??藉??澶????虫??椤归???规?版????????绔?????琛??涓?涔?灏卞?虹?板?ㄤ???????涓??浣?浠?骞朵???琚??ф???寰?寰???????浠???繁???扮??瑙?瑙c??
????1945骞村??涓?娴峰??锛?????灞????瑰????锛?浠?灏辨??绮惧???惧?ㄦ??瀛︿?锛?骞跺?濮???涔︾?璇淬??褰??朵????????逛??诲?????????逛?寮哄害??涓や功锛?杩??板??浜?澶?绡?瀛︽???????浠?璇达?"??涓?蹇???杩帮?涓昏?????涓烘??涓?绉?璐d换??锛????版??璐d换????繁???ヨ????ㄧ?瀛︽???????涓?浜??虫?锛????烘?ヨ础???绀句???"
????璇讳功???????濂斤???浣??????宸ヤ??冲?ㄣ??涓?璁烘???????????撅?浠??芥??翰???ㄦ????涓???浜烘??卞???芥??绔???锛?浠???杩?缁????????硅?堕????瀛︺???????硅?舵??????瀛︺???????硅?舵?浣???瀛︺??浠ュ?????硅?舵???ㄥ???绛????抽???瑰伐绋?????璁鸿??浣???浠ヤ?6????浣???10浣?绡?瀛︽?????涓?浠???涓洪?绛??㈡?¤?硅?朵?涓???涓昏?????锛???涓?濂?瀹?浜????介???圭?瀛︾???虹?锛???涓烘?颁?浠i???瑰伐浣???????骞村???涓?涓?瀛︿???缁??告??????
????1957骞?1??16?ヨ?涓?蹇????g????杩??╁?扮?寮?浜?浜轰?锛?浣夸腑?介???逛?涓???????澶ф??澶便??涓??介???圭???????????涓?娴风ぞ浼?????浜哄+涓???浣?浜哄????浜?浠???杩芥?间?锛?浠ユ?煎康杩?浣?涓虹??界?????逛?涓??????蹭?涓???灏芥???绮惧???????圭?瀛﹀???
????杈?涓?蹇???涓???锛?涓轰娇浠?????浣?娴?浼???浜猴?涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿???绔?浜?杈?涓?蹇???浣??虹??濮???浼?锛?浠?????浣??哥户?变?娴风?瀛︽?????虹??绀惧?虹????1987骞?1?????涓?蹇?璇?杈?5?ㄥ勾锛?涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿????"杈?涓?蹇?????绾?康浼?"锛?骞跺?虹??浜?绾?康??锛?绾?康??涓??锛?"涓??介???瑰????????茶?涓?蹇???涓?涓????ㄥ勾?c??????涔???寰锋???????ゅ?冲??涓?锛?娣变负?句惊????话?????涓?蹇?"??绾?康杈?涓?蹇??ユ??绁??藉????韩绉?瀛︾??绮剧?锛????圭???????冲??浣???璧?锛??ㄤ?????涔℃???″?存??????????寤洪??杈?涓?蹇?绾?康瀹ゅ??????涓?搴э?浠ヤ???浜虹?讳话??1993骞???21?ワ??ㄦ??500澶?浜哄??????搴?绁?涓?娴蜂氦??澶у????圭郴??绔?50?ㄥ勾澶т?涓?涓捐?浜?杈?涓?蹇??????????浠??锛??板ぉ??????琚??ら???版???″苟瀹??句?杈?涓?蹇?绾?康瀹ゅ????


绠? ??

1912骞?1??21? ??浜?姹????????″?裤??
1930骞 姣?涓?浜?姹?????绔???浜?腑瀛﹂?涓??ㄣ??
1934骞 姣?涓?浜??界?浜ら??澶у??垫?哄伐绋?瀛﹂?㈢?佃?绯汇??
1936-1938骞 ????绗???灞?搴?娆剧???憋??ヨ?卞?芥??浼﹀ぇ瀛︾??瀹跺??㈡?昏????瑰伐绋???
1938-1940骞 ?ㄦ??浼﹀ぇ瀛﹁?烽???瑰伐绋?纭?澹??浣???
???ヨ?卞?芥?兼??濞?娌荤??瀹舵捣??瀛﹂?㈡?昏????板伐绋???骞跺???ヨ?卞?介???瑰伐绋?甯?瀛︿?涓哄???????
1940-1944骞 浠婚??瑗垮???鸿タ??宸ュ??㈡??????
1942-1944骞 ?间换瑗垮??宸ュ??㈡?烘?绯讳富浠汇??
1944-1946骞 浠诲?借?ユ????灞?姝e伐绋?甯??煎伐绋?璇鹃?匡??瑰?″?????垮?兼????灞??哄?ㄥ?????裤??
1946-1949骞 浠绘????灞??瑰?″?澶??垮?兼?诲伐绋?甯???
1948骞 浠讳腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?甯稿?$??浜??兼?诲共浜?锛?????瀛︿?浼?????涓??介???广??锛?浠讳富缂???
1949-1950骞 浠讳?娴峰???浜?绠″?跺???浼????澶?淇???????濮???浼?涓讳换濮???锛?浜烘?杞??瑰??br>?告?诲伐绋?甯?锛?涓?娴峰???浜?绠″?跺???浼???涓??板?鸿?硅?跺缓??濮???浼??硅?跺缓??澶?澶??裤??
1950-1951骞 浠讳腑澶?汉姘??垮???宸ヤ??ㄨ?硅?跺伐涓?灞?璁捐?澶?澶??垮?艰?硅?惰?楠???绛瑰?澶?涓讳换??
1951-1953骞 浠昏?硅?跺伐涓?灞??????澶??裤??
1951-1957骞 浠讳腑?介???瑰伐涓?瀛︿?涓?娴峰??浼?????浜??裤??
1953-1955骞 浠荤?涓??烘?宸ヤ??ㄨ?硅?跺伐涓?绠$??灞??硅?朵骇??璁捐?澶?澶??裤??
1954-1956 骞 ?间换?硅?惰?楠???涓讳换??
1955-1957骞 浠昏?硅?跺伐涓?绠$??灞?浜у??璁捐?浜?瀹や富浠诲?兼?诲伐绋?甯???
1956-1957骞 浠讳??洪?ㄩ???圭?瀛︾??绌舵?????匡?涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?绛瑰?濮???浼?甯稿?″???浼???富浠诲?????
1957骞?2??16? ????浜?涓?娴峰??涓??婚?€??

涓昏?璁鸿??

1 杈?涓?蹇?锛?Mathematical Analysis on Wave Resistance of Ships(?存尝?诲?????板?????锛?路浜ゅぇ???癸?
1946锛?1锛?.
2 杈?涓?蹇?锛?杞翠???杞??浜ゅぇ???癸?1947(2)锛?
3 杈?涓?蹇?锛??逛??诲??锛?涓?娴凤?涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?(涓???涔?涓?)锛?1948锛?
4 杈?涓?蹇?锛??逛?寮哄害(??姘存尝)锛?涓?娴凤?涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?(涓???涔?浜?) 锛?1948锛?
5 杈?涓?蹇?锛?Notes On Coefficients Of Fineness and Parallel Middle Body(?ヨ??绯绘?颁?骞宠?涓??)锛?
涓??介????948锛?9锛?(1)锛?
6 杈?涓?蹇?锛??圭?ㄧ?电???ュ??锛?涓??介????948锛?9锛?(1)锛?
7 ?ㄤ???锛?杈?涓?蹇?锛??卞ぉ绉?绛?锛?涓??介?㈣?硅?????妗?锛?涓??介???癸?1950锛?3锛?1951锛?6锛?(4-8)锛?
8 杈?涓?蹇?锛?璋?楠??归???锛?涓??介???癸?1950锛?8锛?(5)锛?
9 杈?涓?蹇?锛??硅?堕????瀛︼?涓?娴凤?绉?瀛︽?????虹????锛?1958锛?
10 杈?涓?蹇?锛??㈡?跨??寮哄??璁$????ㄨ?逛?璁捐?涓???搴????涓??介???癸?1953锛?6涓?1953锛?9锛?(13锛?14)锛?
11 杈?涓?蹇?锛??逛??????涓??介???癸?1953锛?12-1954锛?3锛?(15锛?16)锛?
12 杈?涓?蹇?锛??硅?舵??????瀛︼?涓?娴凤?涓?娴风????????虹??绀撅?1958锛?
13 杈?涓?蹇?锛??╂?﹂?诲?????虹???璁猴?涓??介???癸?1954锛?9锛?(19)锛?
14 杈?涓?蹇?锛??硅?舵???ㄩ???璁$?娉?锛?涓??介???癸?1954锛?11锛?(20)锛?
15 杈?涓?蹇?锛?琛ㄩ?㈢?绯?搴﹀???逛??╂?﹂?诲??锛?涓??介???癸?1955锛?5锛?(22)锛?
16 杈?涓?蹇?锛?璁洪???圭?瀛︼?涓??介???癸?1957锛?12锛?(35)锛?
17 杈?涓?蹇?锛??硅?舵?浣???瀛︼?涓?娴凤?绉?瀛︽?????虹??绀撅?1959锛?
18 杈?涓?蹇?锛??硅?舵???ㄥ?锛?涓?娴凤?绉?瀛︽?????虹??绀撅?1959锛?