涓?瀹堕?㈠+

?ㄧ??????浣?缃?? 棣?椤?/a>» 涓?瀹堕?㈠+» 涓?瀹朵?缁?

寮???娌?1906--1984)

寮? ?? 娌?/span>
(1906--1984)

20080603165458449684.jpg????寮???娌伙????瑰伐绋?瀛﹀????挎??浠?浜???娌宠??????硅?惰?璁°???堕????淇???宸ヤ???瀵归?挎??硅?惰?璁″???堕????娣卞?ョ????绌跺??瀹?璺碉?涓?浠?寮???浜??颁?浠i?挎??瑰??锛???涓?寮???浜?宸?姹??硅?讹??瑰?????姘存?娴??硅?跺??姘寸考?广??涓轰腑?借?硅?跺伐涓???姘磋?浜?涓?????灞?浣??轰???澶ц础????
????寮???娌伙??剧?ㄥ??寮???澶┿??1906骞?1??25??????????????)?虹??浜?娌冲???????裤??浠??轰??跺??$?辩?姣?????锛?浠ユ??宸ヤ????″???ョ??锛??朵翰浠ユ??涔︿负??涓???1918骞村?ユ钵?跨?涓?涓??瀛︿???浠?璇讳功????锛???璇???缁╁??????????褰??舵??肩?涓?娆′???澶ф???舵??锛????寰峰?芥?姘磋????娴锋??濞???锛?浠??藉勾骞硷?浣????充?娼?姘磋??宸茬?娣辨繁?板?ヤ???蹇??点??
????1923骞翠????ュぉ娲ュ??娲?澶у??烘?绯伙?璇ユ?″??朵负棰?绉?浜?骞达??????骞淬??????涓????缇????辩?澶??戒汉锛??舵???叉?㈣??ぇ??瑙?涓??藉?????琛?涓猴?瀵规?锛?浠???搴﹀????锛?浠???淇?浣夸?????瀛︿?锛?瑕?姹???己锛?澧?杩?涓哄?戒?姘????冲???1929骞村ぇ瀛︽?涓???锛??伴?榫?姹??兼捣??璺??炬郸?哄?ㄥ??浠ュ?涔?????涔?璐?璐d富绠℃ā???搞???讳?宸ュ?哄伐浣?锛?缁ц???ㄥ??娲?宸ュ???换?╂?????????煎?涔?宸ュ??涓讳换锛??跺??杩??ㄥ??娲?宸ュ??㈤??杩???瑗挎步??寮???涓??哄?ㄥ??锛??ㄦ????村???娌绘?句翰??璁捐???璇??跺?绉??板??哄?ㄥ??妯″??锛?濡?灏????鸿溅???鸿溅涓???姝e??杞﹁?????1锛?4椹???600杞?????存??告苯?恒??5椹???绌烘???缂╂?恒??5椹???650杞?????存补?轰互??瀛︽?℃??瀛︾?ㄧ???搁?ㄥ??姘村?????甸??骞虫?虹???寮?濮??ㄦ?烘??堕??璁捐??归?㈡?鹃?叉??????
????1935骞村?锛?涓??卞?瀛?璧?娆惧???浼????剁?涓?灞????卞???锛?寮???娌绘??浠??????胯???????瑰伐绋?涓?涓???褰??惰?灞????圭郴?卞???浜???锛??︿??????ㄤ??板??????1935骞?0??锛?寮???娌诲???ㄤ??颁?璧峰?拌?卞?芥?板?℃??浼﹀ぇ瀛?University Of Durhdm)??寮哄???Armstrong College New castle-on-Tyne)???圭郴瀛︿????版?′???浠?浠???ヨ?澶???璇惧?ㄥ?藉???藉凡瀛﹁?锛???涓??℃?瑰?????ㄧ?涓?骞村????灏????????圭????姣?锛?绗??骞村?充???绌跺??璁捐?宸ヤ?锛?寰??板??????姣??㈠?????????锛?瀛︽?′?缁?浠?浠??绘??????归???瑰??(Swon Hunterd Weighon Richadson Shipyard)瀹?涔???杩????ㄨ?卞?戒????ㄦ??澶х??涓?涓??瑰??锛???骞村伐浜哄?锛??朵腑????杩?????寤洪??杩??插????浜??舵??涓??藉???ユ???????帮?浠?浠??鹃????锛?"涓轰?浠????????拌?缁??ユ????????澶у??澶?锛?浣?浠??d????板?伴?i???讳??"褰??跺???娌绘?т??界?锛???蹇????????︺???ㄨ??寮哄??㈠?涔???绗??骞达?浠???浜?涓?涓?000?ㄦ捣杞???璁捐?骞舵?板?????逛??诲????璁烘??涓?绡?锛?缁?杩???璇?锛??峰?纭?澹??浣???浣?浠?浠?灏?娣辫??ㄥ??蹇???瀛︿?娼????堕?????挎?????藉??帮???涓鸿?卞?藉??澶у?涓?璁捐?涓?璇剧???涓烘?寮???娌诲??搴?瀛?璧?娆惧???浼????虹?宠?锛?瑕?姹??诲痉?戒??ㄥ??瀛﹁??ㄥ??璇撅?寰??板??????????????1937骞???锛?浠?浠??板?′??瑰?板痉?芥??°???ㄥ??娲?宸ュ??㈤?绉??讹?浠??惧?寰疯?涓ゅ勾锛???涓?瀹??虹?锛??版??????????琛ヤ?锛????冲?ヤ腹娉藉伐涓?澶у???淇??姘磋??璁捐??????板?堕????杞??哄?堕??绛?璇剧????褰??舵??兼?ユ??镜????浜?寮?濮?涓?涔?锛?浠??よ???村??????锛??冲?瀛﹀ソ娼????????板?堕??锛?浠ュ?惧???藉?????介?插缓璁俱??1938骞???锛?浠?璇绘?浜?瀛︽??????淇??锛?瀹???浜?涓?涓?50?ㄦ?姘磋??璁捐?锛??颁腹娉?瑗跨?"???瑰??(Schichou Werft)瀹?涔?骞跺?肩????褰??舵???藉?ㄨ???璁㈤????澶у????娉ヨ??寤哄???凤?涓?涓???瀹?涔???婊″???辨????杞?反榛?缁?椹?????瑰???姐??
????1938骞?0??锛?浠?缁?棣?娓????板???帮?褰??舵部娴峰??????宸叉拨?凤???瀛﹂???逛?涓?浜︽???ㄦ?涔??帮?涓?寰?宸插???伴??瑗垮???哄?界?瑗垮??宸ュ???换????娆″勾8??锛?浠??伴??搴?姘?涓诲?涓????稿伐浣?锛????跺?间换??搴?浜ら??澶у?????娴?澶у?????瀛﹀伐浣???1945骞???锛????????╋???搴??芥??垮?浜ら???ㄦ淳?跺?ㄩΕ??寮???娌汇???卞ぉ绉?涓?浜洪????板??浜???涓?娴锋?ユ?舵?ユ????棰???淇????瑰????
????1949骞翠腑??浜烘??卞???藉缓绔???锛?寮???娌荤户缁??ㄦ???瀹?涓????镐富??????伐浣?锛?骞跺?间换涓?娴蜂氦??澶у???????涓???浜烘??卞???戒腑澶???宸ヤ??ㄨ?硅?跺伐涓?灞?椤鹃????1954骞翠氦???ㄤ?浠よ?寮???娌诲?诲??浜?换浜ら???ㄦ渤杩??诲??诲伐绋?甯??艰?硅?惰?璁¢?㈤?㈤?匡?涓?涔????逛换浜ら???ㄦ?????????垮?兼?诲伐绋?甯???1956骞达??藉?¢?㈢?瀛﹁???濮???浼?缁?缁?缂???1956-1967骞寸?瀛︽??????灞?瑙?????寮???娌讳负浜ら??杩?杈?缁?????锛?????缂???绗?5椤广??杩?杈?瑁?澶??版????????绌跺??缁煎????灞?杩?杈?????????ㄨ???涓????哄?椤诲??灞?涓??ㄧ骇骞茶揣?广??姘寸考?广?????辨椿濉???姘??虹???瀵规?ㄥ?ㄦ按杩???????灞?璧峰?扮Н??浣??ㄣ??1962骞村??锛??ㄦ?荤??浜茶??富??????ㄥ?界?瀛﹀伐浣?浼?璁???冲箍宸?浼?璁??璁ㄨ?1963-1972骞寸?瀛︽??????灞?瑙?????缂??堕?????寮???娌绘??氦???ㄥ??浠h〃涔?涓?锛??ㄤ?涓???????浠h〃涓?璧疯???????哄?充???寮鸿?硅?剁???宸ヤ??????舵?ㄥ??规?ラ???ㄥ???烘?锛?浠ュ????灞??圭?ㄥぇ?????存补?虹?寤鸿?锛?寰??伴??瑙????变??ㄤ?璁????翠翰????????ㄦ?荤??绛?棰?瀵煎??蹇???璁茶?锛?寰?浠ヨ?涓?姝ヤ?瑙e?????ヨ???瀛??跨?锛????板?澶ч???锛?涔???锛?宸ヤ?瀛︿??村???ゅ?锛?骞剁Н??瀹d??????ヨ???瀛??跨?????骞村?藉?绉?濮?缁?缁?1963-1972骞寸?瀛︽??????灞?瑙???(??妗?)??缂??讹?寮???娌诲????绗?2涓?椤硅?硅?朵?涓?瑙?????璧疯??宸ヤ???浠???翰瑕??????归」?????涔﹁?璐h捣????浜?浜轰?涓????ㄩ???归」??腑???烘?姘淬????????????ユ??硅?讹???娌宠?硅?剁??缁???寮哄害锛????缃?姘存偿?癸?涓?????圭?ㄥ?ㄥ???虹??绯诲????绛???瑕???瀹癸?杩?浠借?????瀹??藉?姘磋?????????灞?璧峰?版繁杩???褰卞????寮???娌诲???ㄥ??朵氦???ㄧ???????瀵煎?浣?涓???瑙???瑙?瀹???瑕?姹?璁ょ????浠ヨ疮褰绘?ц???1966骞达?"????澶ч?╁??寮?濮?涓?涔?浠?灏卞???瑰?わ?1969骞翠??惧共?″?冲?ㄣ??1971骞村????????浜?不??锛????虫?㈠?宸ヤ?锛?浠讳氦???ㄦ按杩?宸ヤ?灞??诲伐绋?甯????村??977骞村?х??涓?璧凤??ㄦ????翠负寤虹?浜ら??绯荤???????淇????瑰伐涓????轰???澶ц础????
????1950骞达?浠ヨ?璁?25椹????存??告??哄??杞﹀?跺?ㄥ?琚??娴峰???浜?涓?绛??冲?ㄦā?????h?绉板?枫??1954骞磋???涓虹?涓?灞??ㄥ?戒汉姘?浠h〃澶т?浠h〃锛??跺??杩?缁??灞???涓哄?ㄥ?戒汉澶т唬琛ㄣ??1956骞村?ㄥ??浜????ヤ腑?藉?变骇????1962骞村?ㄤ腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?绗??娆″?ㄥ?戒???浠h〃澶т?涓?琚???涓虹??????浜?浼???浜??裤??

涓哄缓绔?涓??借????颁唬?????浜?涓????鸿础??/strong>
?????句?骞存?ョ??涓???姘???锛???娆轰?甯??戒富涔???寮猴?涓绘??涓уけ娈?灏斤?璋?涓??版??浠?涔???繁?????浜?涓?锛?????寮虹?????广?????板?撮????娓稿?浜????界??娌挎捣????娌炽??1938骞村?芥????垮?瑗挎?ら??搴?锛??挎?涓?娓告??涓哄??跺?????姘翠???瑕?浜ら???借??锛?寮???娌荤?蹇?浜?寤鸿?娴峰?????挎????娉?瀹??帮?????姹??舵?锛?灏辨??韬??版???瀹?涓????革?涓哄?舵??瀛︽?惧?颁??藉????界???烘????姘??????镐负姘???宸ュ??涓?瀹跺???瀛???寤轰?1925骞达?褰??朵?浠ヤ???0?ㄧ??灏?杞??癸????浜????垫?涓?????宸?????搴?涔??达??版????寮?濮??讹?缁?杩???澶?骞村????惧己锛??ㄦ贰缁??ワ??硅?跺ぇ????灞?锛???嚎澶ф??寤朵几锛?宕?璧蜂??挎?锛?浜???浜???寮猴????翠??ャ???便??缇???娉?绛??藉?????挎??????灞?????硅?舵?伴?????ㄤ?宸插?锋???稿???瑙?妯★?涓哄??舵????澶у???规按涓?杩?杈?涓?涓???涓??㈡??甯?????澶?宸?姹?涔??惰?硅?舵??????澶憋??硅?舵?????舵???ュ?т?????1939骞达?寮???娌昏??ユ??????歌?璐f?????哄?″伐浣?锛??虫?骞???浠诲???诲伐绋?甯?锛?涓绘???ㄩ?㈢???硅?朵慨???撮】锛?澶у??寤鸿?淇??瑰?哄?帮?璐?璐eぇ淇???宸ョ???1942骞寸?变??硅?惰?缁?????娌??逛???锛?浠?涓绘???哥??ㄩ?ㄨ?硅?剁??绋虫?э?杩?琛??炬??璇?楠?锛? ?硅??硅?跺??ㄦ?′欢锛?骞剁??惰疆?哄???烘??炬?凤?涓烘????瑰????"灞卞?"?锋??杞??璁″?拌酱??瀛??ュご??缈荤???哄??姘村?????垫?鸿????ㄧ???浠?璁捐???缁??惧?板?堕???锋?烽?借?浠??奸【锛?骞堕???惰В?冲?ㄤ慨?????堕??涓??虹?扮???鹃?锛??变???繁?ㄦ??璁捐?锛?????褰??舵?烘?璁惧?涓?瓒崇???′欢锛?浠???淇?璇?浜?褰??跺????姘?杩?杈?????瑕???
????1946骞达?寮???娌婚?????瀛??诲???垮ぇ璁㈤??9???拌?癸?绉颁?涓哄ぇ灏?"??瀛??凤?3??澶ч?ㄥ??锋????婚??70?卞昂??5000椹???锛?6??灏??ㄥ??锋????婚??60?卞昂??2400椹???锛????ㄤ?璁稿???杩??????????涓哄??舵?杈??颁唬?????硅?躲??璁㈤??涓?ぇ??????????や互寮???娌讳负涓讳唬琛ㄥ???稿??ユ?拌?圭???ㄩ?ㄨ?璁″?剧焊?????????涔︺???哥?椹????????╂?哄??锛?骞堕???扮??舵按绾垮?俱??妯????㈠?俱???瑰3?垮?缃??剧?锛?骞惰?璐g????锛?????杈句?骞翠?涔?锛?缁?浜????拌?瑰缓??瀹??????ㄦ????磋?涓烘??????稿?ㄧ??借喘寰?涓?澶ф?规?ц?癸??卞???娌昏?璐h?璁℃?硅???涓洪????浜????戒娇?ㄧ??璐ц?广??娌硅疆????杞???椹宠?癸?澶уぇ澧?寮轰?姘??????哥??杩?杈???????褰??跺?藉?缁?杩?浜???勾??????涓?骞村????锛??芥?缁?娴??????伴?撅?宸ヤ??磋触锛??磋?涓?涓???繁?????瑰伐涓?锛???姘??????稿?ㄥ?藉????癸?璁捐?姣?杈???杩?锛?璧???瀹??达??ㄦ?????归?㈡?惰?风??澶?锛?涓哄?ㄥ?借?杈??ㄩ?ㄥ?????瑰伐涓?寮???浜?寮?杩??藉???杩????????瑰?绘????????????渚???寮???娌诲?ㄨ??归?㈠???轰?涓昏???璐$????
????1949骞村?????藉????绔??冲????姘??????稿?ㄤ腑?????瑰????3??宄?瀛??锋??杞???琛ョ?璁捐??剧焊??????宸ヤ?锛???950骞村????瀹?????浠??ㄦ???????浜?浠ヤ??扮???硅?锛?(1)?鸿?卞?????????风??按绠卞?????ㄦ??姘磋?冲???块?达?(2)?垫?烘?圭?ㄤ??ㄦ??浠f?跨?ㄨ?甸?句????(3)???ㄨ?告苯?虹??ょ?般????骞村???╃?ㄥ?╀??㈡??璐锋???500?ㄩ?㈤┏???变?璁捐?缁??撅?浜?1951骞存?ュ?????浠?杩?灏???骞存?ユ???句娇?ㄧ??缇??舵?归┏澶?????22?峰?よ?规?硅?涓烘???ㄧ??涓??峰ご椹宠?瑰???????よ?癸?缁х画涓烘??????稿?寮哄???锛???寰?浜?????????????缁╋???涓哄??惰???????????ョ??楠ㄥ共浼?涓????????????浣????拌?圭?????????????芥??瓒?杩?姘??????歌?????讳?锛?寮???娌诲?ㄦ??????稿??????浜?骞达?浠?浜?瀹?????????伐浣?锛?涓荤??ㄥ???浜茶???ㄦ??锛?????????╂?锛?涓烘??姘???骞磋交??杩????颁唬???浜?涓?浠??轰?澶ч???冲?ㄣ??

寮????颁?浠i?挎??瑰??
?????挎????ㄧ???诲????涓???绗??澶ф渤锛????や互?ュ氨涓轰腑??????浜烘????╃?????杈??????瀹㈣揣浜ゆ?锛???绂?浜?浜烘???浣????变??藉?缁?娴???灞?婊???锛?绉?瀛︽?????藉??锛??ㄥ?界??姘翠?杩?杈?涓?涓?????杈惧?藉?宸????澶с???ㄥ?借В?惧????娴╄?¢?挎?涓?涓?娓稿????寰?涓?浜??磋触????搴?娣?姹扮????寮??告苯?鸿?瑰??缇??????朵娇?ㄤ??垮甫????澶у??婚????绛?锛?涓??煎????锛??瑰??澶??????哄??澶?锛?褰????????浜??挎???????硅?堕??浼???寮???娌讳互浠?????瀛︽??璇?锛?涓哄????挎??颁?浠h?瑰????娼?蹇??㈢(??浠?1950骞村????951骞翠?娆″??琛ㄣ??璁洪?挎?杞??逛??规?с????璁烘??锛?璇︾?璁鸿堪浜??挎?--???瑰?ㄥ?姹?--???????圭?瑰????????搴?浜?瀹㈣揣杩?杈????硅?剁?规?э????轰?灏藉???芥?硅??硅?舵??绾垫?с??蹇????э?澧?澶ц?硅?朵富灏哄害??涓绘?洪┈??锛?澧????甸?㈢Н锛?寮鸿???按浣??剁??????姘村????椹宠?杈?????褰㈢?缂????锛?浠ユ??楂????归?㈢???ц?藉????????
????浠?瑕?姹?浠ヤ腑?戒汉??繁璁捐????堕?????硅?舵?ユ?存?伴?挎????硅?躲??涓诲???杩??规ā璇?楠?锛?璁捐?浼???嚎??锛???浣??诲??锛?灏介?????ㄥ??杩??????澶?锛???楂??圭??????ц?姐??1952骞村?ㄤ?涓绘??涓?璁捐?浜?1200椹?????娴??告苯?哄??3000骞虫?硅?卞昂???㈢Н???ㄥ??????????浠ュ????瑁?浜??挎????″?1954骞撮?????拌揣?瑰????杞????1953骞磋?璐h?璁?姘?浼?"??"澶т?"瀹㈣揣杞????浠i?挎????″?璁捐?"浜烘?涓??????ㄨ揣杞???2001?枫??2002?蜂???椹?????杞?????绉???椹炽????954骞村?锛?浠ヤ???杞?????瀹??????瑰??浜?澶?骞存?ラ?挎?8椹?????1?ㄨ揣涓?椹?????1?ㄨ揣??灞??€??浣?涓洪?挎??硅?讹??ㄨ?瑰??涓?浠?姘?浼?"瀹㈣揣杞???"浜烘?涓???璐ц疆涓轰唬琛????"灞?瀛??枫??"宄?瀛??枫????宄?瀛??风?涓?澶ф?瑰ぇ椹?????杞???澶у?ㄤ?椹宠?圭?哥户???归???锛??ㄥ?ㄥ???归?㈡???℃?逛????告苯?轰负??娴??告苯?猴???澶ч???????㈢Н?????惰???ㄥ???ゃ?????ㄥ?虹?拌?澶?锛?杩??ㄥ场瀛???杞?????ㄦ?ョ?ㄦ按?????ㄤ?姘磋?澶?锛???姘?浼?"涓????ㄦ补???垫?哄?????ㄦ护姘村?ㄧ?锛?浠???浣挎?伴??硅?舵???瑰?虹?板?ㄩ?挎?姘村??锛???姝ユ?瑰??浜??挎?姘翠?杩?杈????????藉???㈣?锛?杩?涓?寮???娌诲??浜????般????浜?瀹?璺垫????涓?寮?????
????60骞翠唬??锛?浜ら???ㄥ??缁????轰?寮????挎?涓?娓搁??娌?姹?绛?灞卞?烘渤娴????冲?锛?涓轰???灏???娌?姹?绛?娌虫??????存不宸ヤ???锛????虹??绌舵?姘存?娴??硅?舵???????锛?寮???娌诲?蜂???瀵艰?硅?惰?璁¢?㈢??????汉??璁捐??洪??娌?姹???杞???涔?姹??哄?ㄩ┏绛?灞?浜?娴?姘存?娴????瑰??锛?骞跺?ㄣ??涓??介???广????蹇?涓???琛?娴?姘存?娴??硅?剁???诲??涓??ㄨ?"??璁烘??锛?寮???浜????芥?姘存?娴??硅?跺?ㄩ?挎?姘寸郴涓?????涓??拌?瑰????浠?姝わ??翠釜?挎?姘寸郴??浜??????姘村?夸?????褰㈡???????风?硅?茬???硅?剁郴????

缁?寤轰氦??绯荤?淇????瑰伐涓?
?????藉?浜ら??杩?杈?姘翠?杩?????娓??╁ぇ锛?浠???娌冲??灞??版部娴凤?浠ヨ?充?杩?娲???浠????ゅ??杩???宸?绮??杩????伴?挎?骞叉??疮????娌挎捣?????????浠ュ????涓や釜娴疯?灞????挎????灞?涓轰富???ヤ???澶т?????硅?跺?ㄤ??ュ?т?????60骞翠唬寮?濮?锛??藉?????灞?杩?娲????浜?涓???涓轰?淇?璇?濡?姝や?澶??归????姝e父?ヨ?锛?浜ら???ㄥ?椤诲缓绔???繁??淇????瑰?哄?板??????????姝わ??ㄥ????????灞????版?硅?瑰?????虹?涓?锛?浜ら???ㄦ??绔?浜?姘翠?杩?杈?宸ヤ?灞?锛?绉???绛瑰缓娌挎捣??娓????挎?娌跨嚎??淇????瑰伐??锛????ュ凡绋????虹?????????寰??颁??╁缓锛?骞朵??板缓浜???娴枫??灞辨捣?炽??婢?瑗裤?????茬??板??浠ュ????姹???娑垮?跨??扮????濂?????寮???娌讳负姘磋?宸ヤ?灞??诲伐绋?甯?锛???绉?????涓?棰?瀵煎?朵?锛?骞舵?惧箍娉??堕??涓??????借?瑰??寤鸿?璧???锛?浜茶????剧??舵????锛????????ュ?????????芥????瀹???锛?浣????瀵逛?浜ら??绯荤?30浣?搴уぇ灏??瑰????寤鸿??????轰?寰?澶ц础??????

????瀹?浜?姹???????璁哄??瀹?璺电?哥?????绮剧?
????寮???娌绘?????介???圭??????杈?锛??╁勾宸茬?涓???瀛︽?姘磋??浠ュ?寮哄?藉????蹇???锛????ヨ?界?朵?涓??胯?锛????戒翰??????娴峰??寤鸿?锛?浣????ㄦ按涓?杩?杈??归????寤鸿??归????跺???轰?涓???(????璐$????浠?涓???娌诲?涓ヨ皑锛??挎???ㄥ??荤???????绉?疮缁?楠?锛?瀵逛????瑰??杞??烘?归?㈢???版????功??????В?惧????????涔﹁???藉箍涓烘????锛?姣??ュ?????板??剁????璇伙?灏介??淇?????繁?ㄦ?????????杩??э?????吹涔?澶??????瀹?璺电簿绁?锛?浠???浜?????瀛︾????璁虹?ㄥ?板???宸ヤ?涓??伙???浜?瀵????虫?????????э?浠?骞崇???瀚?寮?绾镐?璋??碉?娣辨?剁??缁??g?绌鸿???璁轰?瑙?琛??ㄧ??琛?涓恒??褰?40骞翠唬??50骞翠唬???介???瑰伐涓?杩?澶?浜???????寮辩??澧??典?浠?杩?缁????浜?涓??归?挎?璐ц疆??瀹㈣揣杞?????杞???璁捐????堕??锛?涓轰腑?藉??跺??板??浣??戒???璁轰?璇稿?璺佃?????烘??缁╃????琛???涔?涓???
??????0骞翠唬锛?涓?????????涓?瀹???绀??????椋?锛?寮???娌讳??磋?涓烘???????蹇?椤婚??杩?????????锛?缁?杩?瀹?璺垫?楠?锛?????????瑙??ュ??锛?涓???????涓??藉??锟??挎不"涓?????????杩?蹇?灞?浠???褰??朵负浜?璁捐??挎?椹宠?圭嚎??锛?浠???????涓?瀹舵??瑙?????姝э?浠??规????繁澶?骞存?ュ?宸?姹???缁?楠?锛?缁?浜?璁捐??????挎?涓?娓搁┏???????ㄥ??ユ?娓?绾垮?璐ц疆??娌挎捣5000?ㄥ共璐ц?圭嚎???朵?灏???????涓?瀹舵???烘?瑰??????绾垮??????瑙?锛?娆g?跺??????绾筹?缁??规ā璇?楠?璇?瀹???纭???互??灏??诲???????浠?瀵规???????濮?缁??辩??瀹?浜?姹???????搴︺??
????1960骞村?ㄥ?藉ぇ??瓒?澹版尝???存补娓?姘淬???ゆ?????绛??????ц??????涓烘????搴??????峰???浠???琛ㄧず???????界?朵??捐?寰???浜?涓?绉?瀛︼???????浣?????????瀵癸?????????娴?垂锛?浜???浠??惧?娆¤????妫?璁ㄣ??1960骞????ㄨ??婀????瑰???村?楠??朵??挎????灞?璁㈤????姘寸考?癸?涔?涓??????????锛?浣?瀵规???芥按缈艰?圭????灞???浜?涓?涓??绔?????骞???锛??ㄤ?娴锋腐?哄??楠??朵?5?ㄩ?ㄥ??锛?绯昏????涓?瀹舵??瀵间?璁捐?锛??????т?瓒筹????????????锛??藉凡瀹???澶??帮?涓?寰?宸插??姝?娇???1961骞???锛??ㄦ?版腐?瑰??楠??跺?哥伯?猴?5??锛??ㄥぇ杩?涓绘??"璺?杩?"?疯交杞借????1962骞???涓绘???挎?"??浠?"?风?虫?娈佃????10??涓绘??"璺?杩?"?疯??虫???杞借????"1963骞????ㄦ?版渤?瑰??涓绘??璇??堕???剧???村?"锛?8???ㄦ?版腐??涓绘??"姘?涓讳???杞???澶т慨???村?绛????℃?绫诲伐浣????ㄥ???娌荤???存?ヤ富????棰?瀵间?杩?琛?锛???????涔???澶辫触锛?浠?????浜??挎??璐d换锛???姹??稿????璁??浠ヨ揪?版????瀹???????????
????1964骞村?ㄥ?ㄥ?戒汉澶х?涓?灞?绗???娆′?璁??锛?寮???娌讳互浜哄ぇ浠h〃??浜ら???ㄦ按杩??诲??诲伐绋?甯???涓??介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿???浜??胯韩浠斤????鸿?姹?寮?杩???澹???灏?瀵?D绯诲???圭?ㄤ????存补?哄?堕??涓??╃??璁??锛?骞朵负褰??剁??浜ら???ㄥ?????洪?ㄩ??绾炽?????ョ?变?????澶ч?╁????宸???娼???娉?婊ワ?杩?涓?姝g‘??寤鸿?琚??娆℃?瑰?や负"宕?娲?濯?澶?"锛?"???戒富涔?"锛?寮???娌绘?垮??浜???澶х????????灞?杈憋?浣??????叉????缁?绌惰???浠?????璁????纭?????
????寮???娌讳负浜哄????纾??斤?蹇??稿?﹁?锛??辨??????锛??磋?蹇??锛?浠?涓???????繁??瑙??广??????澶ч?╁?藉?濮?锛?浠???灞???????濞?锛??ㄤ氦???ㄩ?褰??跺?诧?绗???瑰???版?瑰?ゅ???插?汇??浣?浠?濮?缁?????瀹?浜?姹???????搴︼?涓???澶???????????姝??蹭?瀹?锛??胯???妫??ヨ??繁?ㄦ????伐浣?涓????剧??????璇???缂虹?癸?浣?涔??充?濡???澶稿ぇ锛?浠ユ?杩??炽??
????1977骞???6?ワ??ㄥ伐浣?宀?浣?涓?绐?????婧㈣????冲??韬???????浠?姝ゅ?х??搴?涓?????984骞???26?ュ?讳?锛?????涓烘??涓?骞达??ュ悍???垫?跺ソ?跺??锛?绮剧?涓??????????︾??锛?浣?浠?浠????????ュ??瀛︿?锛?濮?缁??????冲??藉?缁?娴?寤鸿?????????浜ら??杩?杈?????灞???浠???????灏辩??涓???涓哄??涓???涓?浜?瀛︿???姒??枫??

绠? ??

1906骞?1??25? ??浜?娌冲???????裤??
1929骞 姣?涓?浜?澶╂触??娲?澶у??烘?绯汇??
1930-1935骞 浠诲ぉ娲ュ??娲?澶у???????
1935-1937骞 ?ㄨ?卞?芥??浼﹀ぇ瀛﹁??寮哄??㈤???圭郴瀛︿?锛??风?澹??浣???
1937-1938骞 ?ㄥ痉?戒腹娉藉ぇ瀛︽?姘磋??涓?涓???涓???
1938-1939骞 浠婚??瑗垮???鸿タ??宸ュ??㈡??????
1939-1955骞 ??骞存???瀹?涓????稿???诲伐绋?甯????诲伐绋?甯??????荤?????
1949-1952骞 ?间换涓?娴峰??娴?澶у???浜ら??澶у???????
1955-1977骞 ??浠讳氦???ㄦ渤杩??诲???娴锋渤?诲???姘磋??诲??????????姘磋?宸ヤ?灞???娴锋?灞????澹般???诲伐绋?甯??? ?硅?惰?璁¢?㈠???㈤?跨?????
1984骞???26? ????浜???浜???

涓昏?璁鸿??

1 寮???娌伙??圭?娴?姘存??杞??宸ョ?锛?1943锛?
2 寮???娌伙??挎?杞??逛??规?э? 涓??介???癸?1950锛?3锛?(4)锛?
3 寮???娌伙???璁洪?挎?杞??逛??规?э? 涓??介???癸?1950锛?12锛?(6)
4 寮???娌伙???璁洪?挎?杞??逛??规?э? 涓??介???癸?1951锛?3锛?
5 寮???娌伙??颁唬姹借疆?鸿疆?硅?璁′?涓?渚?锛?涓??介???癸?1952锛?12锝?1953锛?6锛?(11锝?13)
6 寮???娌伙?"姘?浼?"杞????靛???垫?轰??㈣?锛?涓??介???癸?1955锛? 5 锛?(23).
7 寮???娌伙??锋按?ㄨ?涓??烘??妗ㄦ?ㄨ???姣?杈?锛? 涓??介???癸?1959锛?3锛?(40)锛?
8 寮???娌伙?娴?姘存?ユ??硅?剁???诲??涓??ㄨ?锛?涓??介???癸?1963锛?10锛?(52) 锛?
9 寮???娌? 姘寸考?硅?璁★???浜??浜烘?浜ら???虹????锛?1964锛?