涓?瀹堕?㈠+

?ㄧ??????浣?缃?? 棣?椤?/a>» 涓?瀹堕?㈠+» 涓?瀹朵?缁?

?ㄤ???(1890--1982)

?ㄤ???
(1890--1982)

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?ㄤ???锛?1890骞???26?ョ??浜?姹?????娣?????版樊瀹?甯?)??骞煎勾?跺?ㄥ?涔$?濉捐?涔︼??变????版?版??娼???褰卞??锛???906骞磋?????涔℃??翰?????ュ???涓?娓℃?ユ???瀛︺???ㄦ?ユ???浠??ヨЕ?伴?╁?芥???筹?????浜?????浼???
????浠??ㄦ?ユ?????ュ???瀛﹂?㈣?涔︺??1911骞村?ユ?ユ???浜??涓?楂?绛?瀛︽?¢?绉?瀛︿???1912骞磋???ユ?ユ???????浜?楂?绛?瀛︽?°???ㄨ?浜ラ?╁?介?e勾锛?浠??惧???界?存?ュ?????╁?姐?????ヨ蛋涓?瀹?涓????界????璺???浠??惧???涓?北????璇磋?锛?涓??借???灞????瑰?????浜?涓?锛?浜?????916骞磋???ユ?ユ???浜???藉ぇ瀛﹁?硅?跺伐瀛︾????变????ヤ?浜???藉ぇ瀛︼?寰??颁?褰??舵?垮???璧??╋???涓哄??垂??瀛︾????褰??朵?浜???藉ぇ瀛﹀?ㄦ?ユ??????澶у?涓??浜???楂??颁???1945骞存?ユ????????锛??????????荤??澶ц?o??ゅ??浜哄?鸿韩??澶?锛??芥???浜???藉ぇ瀛︾??姣?涓???????姝わ??ュ?绔?浜?????婵??????ㄤ?浜???藉ぇ瀛﹀氨璇荤???芥???ユ????骞翠腑??浣间郊?????变?涓?浜???藉ぇ瀛﹂???╁?????????寰?楂?锛??ㄧ????瀛︿?18????缁?杩???骞寸??????锛???920骞??ユ??ぇ姝?骞?姣?涓???姣?涓???搴????板??舵?ユ????澶х?????瑰???垮?涓??遍???瑰????浠诲伐绋?甯?锛??间换涓??遍???规??宸ヤ?瀛︽?℃??甯???
?????ㄤ???浣?涓轰?浜???藉ぇ瀛︾??姣?涓????ㄦ?ユ????瀹藉箍??????锛?浣?浠??冲??????藉??????????借???1924骞翠??惧?浜?浼?????寰???锛?甯︾??濡诲???濂冲?垮???颁?涓?娴枫??
???????藉??锛??颁腑?ュ??璧???涓??????瑰??宸ヤ???1925骞达?涓??????瑰????缁??ヤ???????????1926骞达??ㄤ?????娴?姹??惰????变拱涓?浜?涓??????瑰?????ㄥ???哄?ㄨ?澶?锛???寤轰?澶т腑?????规?哄?ㄥ????璇ュ?????ㄤ????????????锛?????????汉??寰?灏?锛???寰?澶?璁捐?宸ヤ????ㄤ????ㄥ?????涓????????????褰??剁???剧焊?界?舵?杈?绠???涔?姣?杈?灏?锛?浣?宸ヤ???浠?????绻?????浠?1926骞村??936骞存???达??ㄤ????块????姹??规??"澶ц揪"绛???浣???锛?娓??规??"姘???涓???绛?2??锛?娌归┏???ら┏绛?40浣??????﹀?杩?寤洪??浜????????村?拌?广??杞?浮绛??圭??硅?跺??????よ?硅?朵互澶?锛?浠?杩??垮缓寰?澶??㈢???宸ョ?锛?濡??ㄦ补缃???娌规???娴???澶淬??娴?ˉ??1涓?绔??圭背姘?????5000绔??圭背姘????????跨?绛?锛?绉?绫荤?澶?锛?绉?疮浜?涓?灏?缁?楠?锛?婊¤冻浜?绀句?????瑕?锛?浠?涓轰腑?界??姘???宸ヤ??ㄩ??宸ヤ?棰?????浜????颁?甯???般??
????1936骞达??ㄤ?????寤洪??"澶ц揪"杞??讹???娆??卞????瀹硅?瑰????涓绘?虹??灏炬?锛?琚???瀹硅?瑰????娉??㈡?у????骞稿?褰??惰????寰?甯?娌??у???轰?缁存?ゆ???宸ヤ????卞?藉?锛?浠?涔??ц?锛???璐逛负?ㄤ???杈ㄦ?ゃ??澶т腑?????规?哄?ㄥ??褰??惰?界?舵?????????革?浣??变?娌?娲ュ???????锛????讳??ㄤ????㈢?变??︺??
????澶т腑?????规?哄?ㄥ????????锛??遍?????惰???绉?绾€??姘???瀹?涓????稿???瀛???姘稿?╁?剁⒈??????浜???瀛﹀伐涓????稿??韬??????绛???????浼?涓???????浜哄+?洪?????璧?浜???浜?涓???锛??圭?浜?澶т腑?????规?哄?ㄥ?????圭????????逛负涓??????规?哄?ㄥ???′唤???????革??卞???瀛?浠昏?d??匡??ㄤ???浠昏?d??煎???裤??
????浠??瑰???圭??版???ユ??浜?????锛??辨?ㄤ???璐?璐e缓?????硅?舵??姘???瀹?涓????稿?璐ц疆1????瀹㈣??????椹宠???????????ㄦ??杞?????椹宠?????????讹?寤洪??浜?娴?璧i??璺????㈢???妗ヨ揪?板??搴т?澶????朵腑?︽邯??璐垫邯绛???璺?ˉ?胯揪?扮?剧背???﹀?锛?杩??垮缓浜?瀵兼樊?归?告按??宸ョ???姹??磋?濉?宸ョ?绛???
????1937骞存???ユ??浜?????锛?涓??????规?哄?ㄥ??琚??ュ???㈠?????ㄤ?????缁?涓??ユ?瑰??浣?锛?璧存???????瑰伐浣???1941骞村??涓?娴风????荤????澶?钩娲???浜???????锛?涓?娴峰?ㄩ?ㄦ拨?凤????瀵逛?????涓??┿??浠?灏卞?濮?瀛︿?缁?锛?蹇电???浣?锛?浠ヤ????浜?涓哄???o???缁?浼???锛?淇???浜?姘???姘?????
?????ㄤ?????????蹭?涓???浠?1946骞磋捣?虫??浠诲??娴?澶у????瑰伐绋?绯绘????锛?璁叉??瀹??ㄩ???瑰????捐?绛?璇剧???1948骞翠换浜ら??澶у????瑰伐绋?绯诲?艰??????锛????ュ??浠荤郴涓讳换锛????疯???瀹??ㄩ???瑰????ㄤ???浣?椋?涓ヨ皑锛?浠?涓???浠诲?艰??????锛?瀵规??瀛﹀伐浣???????????涓?璇惧??蹇???澶?璇撅?骞跺????瀵绘?惧??绉???瀹??ㄤ环?肩??????璧???锛?缂???????锛?浣垮???璧颁?宸ヤ?宀?浣?涔???灏辫?藉?浠ヨ?寸?ㄣ??
?????ㄤ??????瀛︿?宸ヤ?锛???948骞翠腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?绗??灞???浜?浼?涓?琚??ㄩ??涓虹??浜??裤??1952骞翠腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?涓?娴峰??浼???绔??惰???涓哄????浜?????浜??夸负绋???锛?????浜??夸负杈?涓?蹇????ㄤ???)??1948骞翠腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?绛瑰???虹??浼?????涓??介???广????缂?杈?濮???浼?濮?????杈?涓?蹇????ㄤ?????娌?宀崇??????涓??ㄥ??寮???娌荤?5浜恒???ㄤ???涓?浠?韪?璺???绋匡?骞跺?ㄤ?娈垫?堕?村???ㄥ???诲箍??绛??瑰?璧??╀??虹????????缁?璐广??
????1946骞达??藉??褰㈠?垮?????ュ?у????锛??芥????????ㄥ???℃??绾夸?????璐ラ????涓??界?ヨ???瀛???姘???璧?浜ч?剁骇??复???╄蛋浠?涔???璺?????????变?涓??卞?颁???瀵逛???浜?寰?澶?宸ヤ?锛????朵?涔??跺???板??绀剧??骞挎????ㄤ???瀵规?跺???杈?娓?妤???璁よ?锛??冲?涓?绂诲?涓?娴凤?涓?????哄???涓??介??璧???锛?淇??ゅソ宸ュ??锛?????浜烘??????便??
????1954骞达??ㄤ???琚???涓虹?涓?灞??ㄥ?戒汉姘?浠h〃澶т?浠h〃锛?浠ュ????杩?浠荤?浜?灞???绗??灞??ㄥ?戒汉姘?浠h〃澶т?浠h〃??浼?璁????寸?甯稿????琛?涓?瀹朵?璧锋???烘???撮???逛?涓???寤鸿????朵腑??涓??℃????″?ㄥ?藉????互?????癸??藉?椤诲?ㄥ?藉??寤洪??锛?浠ユ???撮???逛?涓???
????1956骞达??变?浠???????蹭?涓?锛?琚?换?戒负涓?娴烽???瑰??㈠???㈤??浣?娌℃???颁换)??
??????ュ??锛??ㄤ????????瑰共?ㄧ?璇???浣?锛????板??灏芥???斤???浠ュ伐????宸ヤ?杩?姝ュ?蹇???棰?瀵兼?哄?冲?涓??????瑰????璇?浠锋??涓??????瑰??????灏辩?锛??遍?卞?锛?璐$??ぇ锛?缁?楠?涓板?锛??????﹁???崇??绮剧?"??杩????楂???璇?浠凤?杩?涓?浣?涓哄??棰?瀵肩???ㄤ???骞虫?跺?浜?姹???????﹁???崇??浣?椋?????涓?寮?????褰??朵腑?????瑰???挎?ヤ慨???????硅?剁??浠诲?★??????瑕?姹?寰?楂?锛?????????璁惧??稿????э?淇????惧害寰?澶с???ㄤ????????????姹?锛?骞舵?规??伐??璁惧????碉??跺?浜??ㄥ???淇????规?锛?浣块???х???哄?ㄥ???轰?绮炬椿??缁?娲汇??瀵硅?????疯??娴疯疆"涔?濮?宸??疯?琛?浜?澶т慨锛?骞舵????涓?涓???瀹?宸ワ?璐ㄩ??瀹??ㄧ???瑙???瑕?姹?锛?寰??拌???瑰ソ璇???
????"????澶ч?╁??涓???ㄤ??????颁?涓????寰???锛???涓?涓???瀵硅薄锛?浣?浠??镐俊?绘??涓?澶╀??ㄨ?澶╂?淬??姝f????浜?杩??风??淇″?锛?浠?????浜?寰?澶??伴?撅?娓¤?浜?棰???榛??界???ュ???
????1978骞翠?褰???涓虹?浜?灞?涓??戒汉姘??挎不????浼?璁??ㄥ?藉???浼?濮?????
??????????涓?灞?涓?涓??ㄤ???锛?浠??寸???卞??浜???浠?涓???淇″????拌??瀛﹀?拌????浠?褰??跺凡骞磋?涔????杩?瑕?瀛︿?娉?璇???澶╁ぉ????浠芥?ワ?灏???瑕???绔???创璧锋?ュ?涔??????ヨ????ョ??琛伴??锛?浠?灏卞?f??浜?棰?涓恒??瀛?涓?北??????绀烘??瀛﹂???广??????绔?锛????诲?ㄥ伐浜烘?ユ?ャ??涓???姝ゅ?锛?杩???瀵瑰?板箍????绔?锛?涓虹?涓?绁??借础????繁????涓??瑰??????
????1982骞???26?ワ??ㄤ???????浜?涓?娴凤?缁?骞?2宀???1990骞存?ㄤ???璇?杈?00?ㄥ勾涔???锛?涓??????瑰????涓??芥?涓诲????涓?娴峰?濮???浼???涓??芥?涓诲缓?戒?涓?娴峰?濮???浼???涓?娴峰?宸ュ??涓?????浼???涓?娴峰????瑰伐绋?瀛︿???浜ら??澶у?绛???釜??浣??ㄤ腑?戒汉姘??挎不????浼?璁??娴峰?濮???浼?浼???涓捐?浜?绾?康浼???

?昏?﹂?荤???????璁捐???澶т骇??

????1934骞村ぉ娲ヨ??????稿???澶т腑?????规?哄?ㄥ?????村?拌??澶╄?"?枫???变?涓??借??诲?灏????村?拌?癸?娌℃???????瑰??互???????ㄤ????ラ??浜?澶ч??????????ㄥ痉?介???瑰?浼???骞撮?翠?锛?浠????颁?璁拌浇??浠?棰????扮?村?拌?圭?村?扮??????锛?涓??????版??寮?锛??????╃?ㄨ?圭?????????板??纰????朵腑????瑕???涓??℃???瑰??ㄥ???硅??浼稿????ㄥ????搴?绾夸??寸??浜よ?瑕???褰???杩?涓?瑙?搴﹁?灏????硅??寮?涓??板?颁?锛?杩?澶у??????涓?楂???缁?杩???????绌讹?浠?璁捐?浜?绾垮?????变?浣?浜???璁轰????㈣?锛?璁捐???????????1935骞?2????936骞???锛?澶╂触娓?????涓?骞存??涓ラ?????板?碉?琚??扮???硅揪37??锛?绮????ゃ??姘存???锛?骞稿?"澶╄?"杞??村?帮?寰?浠ヨВ?帮?涓???澶╄?"??澹板ぇ???澶╂触???ョ焊涔??戒?浜?璁拌浇??澶╂触??????歌?璐d汉涔?涓????剁华?规繁浠ヤ负?帮??惧?娆¤?杩?锛?杩????逛负涓??戒汉浜?浜?姘???
?????ㄤ????ㄦ????浠ュ???鹃??杩?绫讳技浜??惧??ゆ?????澶ф?????姘稿?╁?剁⒈???哥??????浜鸿????????ㄤ????芥???ユ????瀛︾??锛???寰?娣辩????璋???褰??舵案?╁?剁⒈???歌??璇蜂???缇?????宸ヤ?瀹朵警寰锋?锛?浠???警姘??剁⒈娉???????浜猴???澹颁腑澶???渚?痉姒?涓鸿??????惰?浜?寤洪??姘村?╂癌??(?板????浜?爱?ュ??)??璁″??锛??朵腑????缓??涓ゅ骇姘???锛?涓?涓?0000绔??圭背瀹归??锛??︿?涓?000绔??圭背瀹归????褰??朵警寰锋?璁や负?堕??姘??????稿????惧害锛?寤鸿???缇??借?璐??????ヨ???????渚?痉姒????ㄤ???浠?缁?璁ㄨ?浜?杩?浠朵?锛??ㄤ?????浠?浠?袱浜轰?璇???互??濂芥?????渚?痉姒?姣??朵???澶??辩??借?璐?????瀛?涓????讳?姘???锛?濮????ㄤ????诲????褰??舵?ㄤ???璁や负姘???瀛??ㄤ袱澶ф?????抽???涓?涓洪??缃╁??藉???????锛?涓??戒腑?村?′?锛??︿?涓洪???ョ??姘???搴?澶?澶?姘?瀵?锛?涓??芥?姘???浠?浠?缁???绌朵???缃╁???????烘???????姘????叉?姘??????姐???垮?轰?涓ヨ皑??璁捐??规???缁?涓?涓?????锛?姘???缁?浜?????锛?璇?楠?涓?涓炬???????板?ㄨ?涓ゅ骇姘???杩??ㄥ??浜???宸ュ伐涓?(???????镐娇?ㄣ??缁?杩?50澶?涓??ョ?锛????ョ????缃╁??姘寸?宸叉?逛负???ヤ欢锛?浣?澶??㈢??澶у???㈤????????ョ??)浠????骞寸?????┿???板?ㄧ?ゆ?????腑?????瑰????浼?缁?浜у??锛??句负澶╂触???存尘???挎?ャ??????绛????扮??浼?涓???杩?姣?褰??跺ぇ寰?澶???姘???锛?浣????╂??韬???ゆ??????堕??锛?搴?褰???浜??ㄤ?????
?????ㄤ???绯婚???瑰?鸿韩锛?浣?瀵瑰缓??妗ユ?涔?寰????磋叮??褰??朵负浜??挎?ラ??妗ュ伐绋?锛?浠?璐?疆寰?澶??ユ????寰锋?????辨??????妗ヤ功绫???浠???绌朵?妗ユ?????瀛﹀??缁????归?㈢?????????姝わ?浠??????板??搴фˉ姊?璐ㄩ??涓??介??甯稿ソ锛?寰??板??跺??浜??垮??????ㄧ????濂????ㄦ?璧i??璺????板??搴фˉ瀹?????锛??????ㄥ????涓??????规?哄?ㄥ??绛捐?浜?寤洪??婀?妗???璺?ˉ??????(???????ユ??浜?????锛???娉??藉伐锛???姝ゅ????娌℃??瀹???锛???

涓洪???规???蹭?涓?灏藉?灏藉??
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?????ㄧぞ浼?涓讳??归??涓??濮?缁?璧板?ㄥ???????变?浠???绉???瑕?姹?锛?涓??????瑰????952骞村?冲?琛???????ャ???ㄥ?ㄨ?涓???????ヤ腑璧峰?颁?绉???浣????1954骞达?浠????板?ㄨ?涓?涓?????涓?灏?浼?涓?瑕?姹???????ワ?浠?绉????????抽?ㄩ?ㄥ????锛?寰??版????????锛?浣垮?ㄨ?涓?寰?蹇???颁???????ャ??

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?????硅?舵?????扮??椋??诲????互?ㄧ?卞??寰?Eggert)???璁$???瀹?涓?椋???????椋??㈢Н???炽??姘存????诲??涓???娉??剁??姘存???搴︽???炽??涓虹???璧疯?锛?姘撮?诲????????╂?﹂?诲????蹇界?ヤ????剁??娉㈡氮?诲???????╂?﹂?诲???????版????????ㄣ???ㄧ?ラ???婚?诲???????典?锛???互?ㄧ?楠????浼扮????????剧??澶у???
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????绗???ㄥ??锛?涓昏?浠?缁??村?拌?逛富?虹???规??瑰???惰?璁¤?姹?锛?浠ュ??涓绘?哄??????浼扮????锛??瑰??己璋?浜??烘??妗ㄧ??寮哄害瑕?姹?浠ュ??涓绘?烘捣姘磋?姘村?o?涓轰??叉??稿?ュ?板?????跺????╃??缁????瑰?锛?????杩?寮鸿?浜??村?拌?瑰???村?颁?涓???瑕?搴?瀹?瑁?绾垫í?捐???姘磋?憋?骞舵???轰?姘存车璁捐???瑕?姹???
??????涓??介?㈣?硅?????(??妗?)??渚?浜?澶ч???版????捐〃锛??荤?浜?浜???骞翠唬?????瑰??杩??藉???缁?楠?????????????界?涓??ㄦ?????????硅?????
????璇ヨ?????妗??卞??涓?绡?锛?
????绗??绡?涓鸿?圭骇?昏?妫?楠?锛?璇︾?瑙?瀹?浜???绉?妫?楠?椤圭?????????
????绗??绡?涓鸿?硅韩??缁??????瑰?凤?瑙?瀹?浜???椤归???圭?????宸ヨ?鸿?????
????绗??绡???疆?虹???????浠讹?瑙?瀹?浜?姹芥?恒???????哄???垫????瑰?风???宸ヨ?鸿?绋???


绠? ??

1890骞???26? ??浜?姹?????娣????浠?娣??甯?)??
1896骞翠?1906骞 浜?娣???挎?块?搁??绉?濉捐?涔︺??
1911骞???涓?1912骞??? 浜??ユ???浜??涓?楂?瀛︽?¢?绉?璇讳功??
1916骞???涓?1920骞??? 浜??ユ???浜???藉ぇ瀛﹁?硅?跺伐瀛︾?姹?瀛﹀苟姣?涓?锛?寰?宸ュ?澹??浣???
1920骞???涓?1924骞??? 浠绘?ユ???垮?涓??遍???规??宸ョ?甯??间??卞伐涓?瀛︽?℃??甯???
1924骞???-1926骞??? 浠讳?娴蜂腑?ュ??璧?涓??????瑰??宸ョ?甯???
1926骞?0??-1936骞??? ???寮???澶т腑?????规?哄?ㄥ??浠诲???裤??
1936骞???-1952骞?2?? 浠讳腑?????规?哄?ㄥ???′唤???????哥????煎???裤??
1946骞???-1948骞??? ?间换??娴?澶у????瑰伐绋?绯绘??????
1948骞???-1952骞??? ?间换浜ら??澶у????瑰伐绋?绯绘??????
1948骞?0?? ?ㄤ腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿?绗??灞?????浜?浼?涓?琚???涓轰腑?介???瑰伐绋?瀛︿???浜??裤??
1951骞??? ?间换涓?ぎ??宸ヤ??ㄨ?硅?跺伐涓?灞?????【????
1951骞?2?? 褰???涓轰?娴峰????瑰伐涓???涓????涓讳换濮?????涓?娴峰?宸ュ??????浼??ц?濮?????
1953骞???涓?1966骞??? 浠诲??????ヤ腑?????瑰?????垮?兼?诲伐绋?甯???
1956骞 浠诲?戒负涓?娴烽???瑰??㈠???㈤??浣?娌℃???颁换)??
1966骞???涓?1969骞??? ????????澶ч?╁???插?汇??
1969骞???-1982骞???26?ュ?ㄥ?浼??汇??
1982骞???26?ョ????浜?涓?娴枫??

涓昏?璁鸿??

1 ?ㄤ???锛?The Determination Of Size Anchor And Cable For Vessel From The Holding
Power锛? 涓??介???癸?1949(3)锛?1锝?4锛?
2 ?ㄤ???锛?杈?涓?蹇?锛??卞ぉ绉?锛?榫?搴??撅?涓??介?㈣?硅???(??妗?涓?)锛?涓??介???癸?1950(4)锛?31锝?79锛?
3 ?ㄤ???锛?杈?涓?蹇?锛??卞ぉ绉???榫?搴???涓??介?㈣?硅???(??妗?浜?)锛?涓??介???? 1950(5)锛?37锝?82锛?
4 ?ㄤ???锛?杈?涓?蹇?锛??卞ぉ绉?锛?榫?搴???涓??介?㈣?硅???(??妗?涓?)锛?涓??介???癸?1950(6)锛?37锝?77锛?
5 ?ㄤ???锛??村?拌?癸?涓??介???癸?1950(6)锛?1锝?6锛?
6 ?ㄤ???锛?杈?涓?蹇?锛??卞ぉ绉?锛?榫?搴??撅?涓??介?㈣?硅???(??妗???)锛?涓??介????951(7)锛?65锝?81锛?
7 ?ㄤ???锛??村?拌?癸? 涓??介???癸?1951(7)锛?1锝?10锛?
8 ?ㄤ???锛?杈?涓?蹇?锛??卞ぉ绉?锛?榫?搴???涓??介?㈣?硅???(??妗?浜?)锛?涓??介???癸?1951(8)锛?71~86